Between Past and Present: New Photography and Video from China (2004 ICP, site here)
Foto Fest China 2008 (site here)
China under Construction (Amazon link here)
Zooming into Focus (UCLA Asia Institute 2004, site here)
Three Shadows Photography Art Centre (site here)
Called "the most important place for photography in China". I can't vouch for that, but it is surely a strong endorsement nonetheless. There is a show of Ai Weiwei's photographs from New York in the 1980s and 1990s on display now.