Friday, March 26, 2010

Miroslav Tichý @ICP

JTF (just the facts): A total of 105 black and white images, framed in brown wood and variously matted, and hung in the first floor galleries of the museum. The images were made primarily in the 1960s and 1970s, although many are dated more generally 1950-1980. The show also includes two large class cases filled with a variety of handmade cameras, boxes and rolls of old film, cardboard lenses, a makeshift enlarger and other junk. A documentary film on the photographer, entitled Tarzan Retired, from 2004, runs in a side room (and is well worth spending the time to watch). This exhibit was curated by Brian Wallis. (Since photography is not allowed in the ICP galleries, there are unfortunately no installation shots for this show. Miroslav Tichý, Untitled, n.d., at right, via the ICP website.)

Comments/Context: With the possible exception of the rediscovery of the studio portraits of Mike Disfarmer, the work of Czech photographer Miroslav Tichý is perhaps the best example in the past decade of "outsider" art finding its way into the top echelons of the fine art photography world. Read any article on Tichý and you will be bombarded by his romantic and eccentric backstory: a gifted painter rejects the academy (and the controls of the government) and becomes a wild haired vagabond, obsessively haunting the streets of Kyjov with his camera made of toilet paper tubes and rubber bands, surreptitiously taking pictures of women on park benches and lounging by the town swimming pool, leaving his stained and damaged prints to pile up on the dusty shelves of his ramshackle apartment. The photographer is alternately characterized as obsessive, subversive, reclusive, alcoholic, and voyeuristic, or more simply as a resolutely stubborn (and surprisingly sharp and lucid) dissenter.

Regardless of the whether we find this personal story entertaining or just plain sad, the work itself stands up to the flush of new scrutiny with unexpected strength. At first glance, the images have the well worn look of vernacular snapshots that have been packed up in a box in your grandmother's attic for decades. But after your eye has a chance to adjust, and your brain lets go of the cult of perfection that pervades our view of contemporary photography, these prints resonate with a simple elegance that is enhanced by their blurs and imperfections. The spots, stains, and discolorations are paired with scratches, folds, and tears, and wrapped in hand crafted cardboard mats with swirling decorations; the effect is that each picture becomes a one-of-a-kind object or an artifact, a poetic and ultimately unknowable look into the past.

The exhibit itself is grouped by different cropped views of the female form. There are women in the streets, with patterned coats and dresses, shop girls and waitresses, and pairs of women seen in sidelong portraits, head shots or from the back. There are crossed legs and isolated ankles, feet running, and elaborate shoes. There are people on park benches kissing, dark unrecognizable nudes and dancers, and plenty of bathers and swimsuits, lying down on towels in the grass. The works have the authentic feel of the everyday (with a dose of the surveillance camera), and yet these small public moments have somehow been elevated into something more profound; the common and crude have become graceful and timeless.

While these pictures reminded me a bit of Lartigue or of Winogrand's women, the body of work is really so different from anything else that it is hard to place it in any kind of relative historical context. It is the work of an artist who chose to recede away from the establishment, to reject the accepted truths and search for something more real and personal amidst the routines of day to day living. What I like best about these pictures is that they seem altogether genuine - all the imperfections come together to make something which is the refreshing antidote to overworked, overreferenced photography. In the end, I think Tichý's personal story falls away and the pictures come forward as tangible, fragmented expressions of the beauty in the familiar.

Collector's POV: Several different galleries in New York have either had small shows of Tichý's work or carry some prints in inventory, but it is difficult to discern which of these might be his official representative, if one exists. Perhaps it is Howard Greenberg Gallery, but I am not certain (maybe someone can clarify in the comments.) Tichý's work has only recently found its way to the secondary markets; prices for the few prints that have surfaced have ranged between $3000 and $10000.

Rating: ** (two stars) VERY GOOD (rating system described here)

Transit Hub:
  • Tichý Ocean foundation site (here)
  • Reviews: NY Times (here), Financial Times (here), Guardian, 2008 (here)
Miroslav Tichý
Through May 9th

International Center of Photography
1133 Avenue of the Americas
New York, NY 10036

1 comment:

Lorraine Anne Davis said...

I was really looking forward to seeing this exhibition - however, I feel that it is somewhat like the emperor's new clothes. He appears to have suffered from some undaignosed mental illness, schizophrenia or bi-polar, manic-depressive, obsessive... If any psychologist or psychiatrist had seen this, it would be apparent. Jung worked alot with such patients in Burkholzli Mental Hospital in Zurich. Jung thought some of these people, who were mentally ill, and obsessively drawing, were visionaries. But they only reveal the anguish of a mind trapped in illness and unable to cope in the real world. It is certain that Van Gogh suffered from an undiagnosed illnes, but no one questions the greatness of his art - in retrospect. Van Gogh could actually draw, for one thing.

Tichy, to me, was a mentally ill peeping Tom. The drawn-on mats are typical of an obsessive/schizophrenic disorder. It seems that his mental health may have improved as he got older and he became more articulate, but his "work" is really not very fact, it is pretty terrible...there was no "intentional" duchampian rejection of the art world. He was just sloppy, deranged and sexually starved, and the photographs are boring.

ICP should really be embarassed that they were 'caught up' in this scam.

Disfarmer was an actual photographer and although he was also mentally ill, he captured a segment of the rural population of the 1930s in Arkansas - and his distain for the farming community he grew up in is apparent in the photographs.

Tichy took about 2 or 3 noteworthy photographs and considering everything, they were happy mistakes.

We SO want to discover hidden geniouses. I wouldn't be surprised to find years from now the entire thing was a hoax. Which of course, could be a performance piece in itself.